Rundown of Renewable Energy: Types, Sources, and Equipment
Renewable energy is the alternative to fossil fuel and nuclear power. While it’s not as widely used as these sources yet, it is quickly becoming the better option with each passing day. Not only does it have less environmental impact, but it also saves you money in the long run.
Renewable energy can also be referred to as a term for energy sources that are replenished at a faster rate than they are used. This includes solar, wind and hydroelectric power, all of which are becoming more and more viable sources of energy as technology advances. With these types of energy, power plants can be built much more quickly than with traditional fossil fuels such as coal or oil.
Renewable energy is becoming more popular because of the following:
- Renewable sources are cleaner than fossil fuels; they don’t produce greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming or other harmful pollutants. (In fact, some renewable energy companies offer carbon credits to offset the pollution of other companies.)
- It can be built into existing infrastructure—wind turbines and solar panels can be added to roofs or fields in order to reap their benefits without requiring any additional infrastructure.
- It’s growing rapidly—in many places, the cost of renewable energy has already reached parity with fossil fuel sources, which means it makes financial sense for companies to switch to renewable sources.
- It’s reliable—the sun always shines somewhere, and winds blow somewhere else nearly every day.
- The equipment needed for these types of plants is relatively cheap compared to other forms of energy generation.
Read on for a rundown of renewable energy types, sources and equipment.
- Solar power is a reliable, clean, and affordable form of renewable energy.
Solar power is a reliable, clean, and affordable form of renewable energy. It can be used in many ways, from harnessing the sun’s energy for electricity to heating water or drying clothes. Solar panels are the most common way to harness the sun’s energy for electricity. Electricity from solar panels can be used in many places, including your home and office; it can also be stored for future use or fed into the grid for others to use.
Solar energy is a clean alternative to fossil fuels like coal and oil that produce pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide when burned. Solar power uses clean fuel sources such as sunlight and wind instead of fossil fuels that cause pollution.
- Hydroelectricity accounts for about 10 percent of the world’s electricity.
As you may have guessed, hydroelectricity is generated by the movement of water. It is produced when water pouring over a dam converts to electricity. Because of how much water is needed, hydroelectric power plants and their dams are usually built in places with large bodies of water such as oceans, lakes or rivers.
Hydropower is the most widely used form of renewable energy thanks to its dependability on currents and tides and its low cost. The hydropower turbine converts the kinetic energy from moving water into mechanical energy that then powers a generator to produce electricity.
- Wind power is one of the most popular forms of renewable energy in the world.
Wind power is one of the most common forms of renewable energy in the world, and has been used for centuries. It is more efficient than solar power and more reliable than solar power.
It has become increasingly popular in recent years because the technology is constantly improving and the cost is decreasing. If you are interested in renewable energy, wind power should be your first choice.
- Geothermal power is another form of renewable energy that some people may not be aware of.
You may not have heard of geothermal power before, but this type of renewable energy comes from the earth’s own heat. In the most basic terms, geothermal power plants use steam to turn generators and run machines.
This process is slightly more complicated than that, but it’s still pretty cool: The Earth emits over 90 million megawatts of heat each year—enough to meet all our energy needs for thousands of years! Geothermal plants collect that heat by drilling wells into underground reservoirs and pumping steam up to the surface through pipes. The steam is then used to drive generators that produce electricity. When the steam cools down sufficiently, it can be reused in a continuous cycle.
Geothermal power is a non-polluting energy source because it doesn’t burn anything (making it cleaner than fossil fuels like coal and oil). And unlike traditional solar panels, geothermal energy can provide useful electricity around the clock; it also requires much less land space than other types of renewable energy generation.
- Biomass consists of organic materials like trees, crops and animal waste.
Biomass energy is a great option for energy efficiency. In addition to being a renewable source of energy, biomass is a sustainable resource that can be used for heating, electricity generation and transportation.
Biomass consists of organic materials like trees, crops and animal waste. These materials are burned for heat to produce steam which spins turbines and generates electricity using a steam engine or gasifier.
This process does not release any greenhouse gases into the atmosphere because the same amount released from burning biomass was absorbed during the plants’ photosynthesis process. In fact, biomass is considered carbon neutral because it does not increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere!
- Hydrogen is a green fuel made by burning natural gas in steam without oxygen.
You can also get hydrogen from burning natural gas in steam without oxygen. Hydrogen is the most abundant chemical element in the universe, and one of the cleanest fuels available, making it a perfect source of renewable energy. Hydrogen is a zero-emissions fuel that can be used in fuel cells to power vehicles and to provide electricity for homes and buildings.
Ways to generate renewable energy
There are many ways to generate renewable energy. From wind turbines to solar panel arrays, the world is full of different types of equipment used to harvest the power of the sun and other natural forces. Some renewable energy sources are naturally more abundant in one area than another, so it’s important that any discussion of renewable energy also includes information about which resources are most readily available to you. Some examples include:
- Solar photovoltaic panels, which use solar radiation from the sun.
- Wind power, which uses wind as a source of fuel.
- Hydroelectricity generated by water flowing over dams at specific rates or heights.
- Geothermal heat pumps (a type of heating and cooling system that uses underground pipes).
Solar, wind, geothermal and hydro power are the result of ongoing efforts to produce , and the renewable energy sources will undoubtedly be used in parallel with fossil fuels. They have developed their own forms of equipment, and some are different than those used in traditional fossil fuel power plants. With renewable energy sources growing strong as an alternate to fossil fuels, you can trust more developments to come.